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Caves in Tamil Nadu

Jainism may have originated in North India.But it features a 1000-year background in South India,particularly Tamil Nadu.The many monuments scattered inside the peninsular region from the Indian subcontinent only verify this. There are plenty of Jain shrines, images, and monasteries carved inside the hills of Tamil Nadu.

Curiously, nearly all of these monuments are concentrated in and about Madurai.You'll find about 26 caves in Anaimalai, Alagarmalai,Muttupatti, Tiruparankundram, Vikramangalam, Karungalakkudi, Mankulam Kongarpuliyankulam, Tiruvatavur, and Varichiyur. The caves belong to the 2nd and Ist centuries B.C. The names in the monks who lived in these cave-dwellings along with the men who carved them are engraved on these monuments.

Within The Caves
The stone beds in these caves confirm that they had been abodes from the monks. There are many flat stones in theses caves. One finish of those horizontal rocks is slightly elevated as headrest. The higher portions with the caves are formed in this kind of a way as to prevent rainwater from entering them. Wooden poles were pushed into holes around the floor in front of those caves, and thatched roofs had been erected on them. These residences had been situated close to drinking water resources to satisfy the basic want of the ascetics.

Significance of the Caves
These caves are considered essential since they are amongst the earliest stone monuments in these regions. In addition they contain epigraphic records created within the Brahmi script. It is even mentioned the Hindu temples in and about Madurai were fashioned soon after these caves. Thirunarankondrai, a village near Ulundurpet, was a well-known Jain pilgrim centre. It had been also a seat of studying in which monks and scholars from all over India gathered. The carved photos of Paraswanathar, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, is found around the top of the hill here. He is portrayed in a standing place, having a serpent's hood spread over his head. The men and women on this region refer to Paraswanathar as Appandainathar.

Ancient Cave Temples of Tamilnadu
There are many cave temples of Tamilnadu scattered all over the state. The Pallava kings had been prolific builders of rock cut (cave) temples. A number of the well-known cave temples are here.

Mahabalipuram Cave Temples - The rock lower temples of Mahabalipuram are superb examples of Pallava kings. The main structures are ThiruKadal Mallai (Sthalasayana Perumal Kovil), Arjuna’s Penance, Varaha temple, Descent with the Ganges, the Shore temple, and Pancha Rathas (named following the Pandavas). These historic monuments built mostly in between the 7th as well as the 9th hundreds of years, by Pallavas, has been labeled being a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Mandagapattu Cave Temple - Mandagapattu, situated about twenty km from Viluppuram and 17 km from Gingee, is yet another example of Tamilnadu cave temples, built by Pallava kings. This small village comes beneath Viluppuram district, which is about 162 km from Chennai. The north going through cave shrine has two pillars and two pilasters in its front façade, thus forming three bays, with. 22 feet in size, 24 ft in width and nine feet in top. There are two carved dvarpalas past the pilasters, on either end in the temple.

Pillayarpatti Cave Temnple - The cave temple of Karpaka Vinayakar shrine at Pillayarpatti close to Karaikudi is among the oldest rock minimize temples of Tamilnadu. This place is named following “pillayar” the Tamil identify for Vinayaka. This temple also houses Lord Shiva and other people as well. The presiding deity is portrayed with two arms as well as a trunk curled towards his appropriate side, with a peak of 6 feet.

Thiruchirapalli Cave Temple - Tiruchirappalli is regarded as to be the 6th inside the series of Tevara Stalams within the Chola kingdom. They're a assortment of 3 temples particularly Manikka Vinayakar temple in the foot with the hill, Taayumaanavar Koyil Shivastalam on the hill along with the Uchhi Pillayar Koyil at the best from the hill. The cave temples at Thiruchirapalli will also be really famous among the cave temples of Tamilnadu.

The Satyagirinathan (Vishnu) Temple - Satyagirinathan (Vishnu) Temple located in Thirumayam close to Pudukkottai, is really a gorgeous cave temple, wherever the Lord inside a reclining posture flanked by Garuda, Chitragupta, Markandeya, Bhrahma, the gods and the rishis is surely an imposing one. The guardian deities in the entrances from the fort are considered to be Bhairava, Hanuman, Shakti and Ganapati, along with the grama devata karuppu. This cave temple is common amongst the cave temples of Tamilnadu.

Jain Cave Temple at Sittanavasal resembling other rock-cut cave temples of 7th century in strategy and design, is one more famous cave temple. This temple is located in Pudukottai District, (58 kms from Trichy) and it is called Arivar-koil (temple from the arhats), and has relics of paintings of 9th century CE. It had been a flourishing centre of Jaina affect exactly where Jainism flourished for above 1200 many years (3rd century BC to 10th century CE). This internet site was initial noticed by S. Radhakrishna Iyer, a local historian, in 1916 and were recorded in his book "General History of the Pudukkottai State".

Mahendravadi Cave Temple - The Single Rock Lower Temple by Pallava Varman at Mahendravadi village in Arkonam, was excavated by Gunabhara around the bund of a huge tank referred to as Mahendra thataka in the town of Mahendrapura. The Garbagraha has a picture of Narasimha. The village has a history of 1700 many years.

Thirunandikkara Cave Temple, is located close to Thiruvattar in Kanyakumari district, which was before belonged to Kerala. The most antique Murals of Kerala are identified in this particular cave temple of Pallava art dated seventh and eighth century Advert.

Shervaroyan Cave Temple - is located on the leading of Shervaroyan hill at Yercaud is 5326 feet over the sea degree. The best stage in Yercaud hill may be the Sherveroyan temple, devoted to God Shervaroyan and His consort the goddess Cauvery representing the Shervaroy Hills as well as the Cauvery river.